When compared to other religions the uniqueness of Hinduism is not having a specific God even though they believe about a Creator as in other religions. In Christianity it is the Almighty who created the world. In Islam too it is the Creator of everything. In Buddhism it’s the Lord Buddha.
These are the prominent Gods and Goddesses of Hindu who are in existence for a specific aspect related to the world or life.
Brahma is the first member of the Hindu Trinity who is believed to be “The Creator” of the world because he periodically creates everything in the universe.
Vishnu is the second member of the Hindu Trinity. He maintains the order and harmony of the universe, which is created by Brahma and periodically destroyed by Shiva to prepare for the next creation. Vishnu is believed to have several forms of life called “Avatara” (incarnations).
Shiva is the third member of the Hindu Trinity who is assigned to destroy the universe in order to prepare for a new creation at the end of each cycle of time. Shiva’s destructive power is regenerative: It’s the necessary step that makes renewal possible.
Ganapati, also known as Ganesha, is Shiva’s first son. Lord Ganapati, who has an elephant head, occupies a very special place in the hearts of Hindus because they consider him as the Remover of Obstacles.
The meaning of the word “ Avatar” is descent to a main character. This can be described as an incarnation. Avatars are savior forms of a god that descend to earth to intervene whenever help is needed to restore peace and moral order. The prominent two Avatar of Vishnu are Rama and Krishna.
Rama is Hero of the Hindu epic “Ramayana” where Sri Lankan king “Rawana” went to India by air in a vehicle called “Dandu Monere” and brought Rama’s wife named Sitha to Sri Lanka. He is portrayed as an ideal son, brother, husband, and king and as a strict adherence to dharma.
Hindus identify Krishna as the teacher of the sacred scripture called the “Bhagavad Gita” and as the friend and mentor of prince Arjuna in the epic “The Mahabharata”.
Even though Krishna is believed to be delightful and full of playful pranks, his followers have strong faith in his promise that he will manifest himself and descend to earth whenever dharma declines.
Heaven is a common belief in almost all religions and God Indra is believed to be the- incharge of Heaven. Indra wields a thunderbolt and is a protector and provider of rain.
Lakshmi is the Goddess of good fortune, wealth, and well-being. As the consort of Vishnu, she plays a role in every incarnation. She is believed to be Sita, wife of Rama, Rukmini, wife of Krishna; and Dharani, wife of Parashu Rama, another avatar of Vishnu.
Saraswati is the consort of Brahma and believed to be Goddess of learning, wisdom, speech, and music. Hindus offer prayer to Saraswati before beginning any intellectual pursuit, and Hindu students are encouraged to offer prayers to her during the schooling period to get her blessings for studies.
Durga Devi is also standing for the protection of Dhamma who fights fiercely in order to restore dharma whenever it is breached. Her followers believe that she is full of compassion and love for her devotees.
Hanuman is featured in the great Hindu epic “Ramayana”. When Rama got fatally injured during the battle with Ravana, to take him back to life, a Sri Lankan indigenous physician wanted a specific herbal plant that is only available in Mount Everest. Hanuman rushed back to India by air and broke a piece of the mountain since he could not identify the plant.
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